跳到主要內容區塊
Google  

 

 

:::

[2019/12/23] “Not only a Disease: the Medical History and Life Relics from Losheng” are Exhibited at NYMU

Losheng at NYMU: the medical and life relics exhibition opened on October 31th for one month 

 

After more than half a year of planning and obtaining financial support from many NYMU alumni, the “Losheng at NYMU: a medical and life relics exhibition” kicked off on October 31th. This is the first time that these cultural relics have been shown outside of the sanatorium. In addition to many precious documents that have been rescued in the recent past, the exhibition also combines relevant research information and various performance resources that show the close relationship between NYMU and Losheng. This allows more people to see this particularly important history in the context of public health in Taiwan. 

 

In 1930, the Taiwanese Government opened the “Losheng Sanatorium” at Xinzhuang, which started the obligatory hospitalization of patients with Hansen’s disease and sealed their fate of lifelong isolation. In 2003, due to the construction of the new Xinzhuang line machine factory, Losheng Sanatorium was forced to be demolished and relocated. The existence of Losheng Sanatorium explores the development of this institution and the scar that it created, which has greatly affected Taiwanese medical and public health history. The institution remains an important issue in Taiwanese medical history, in Taiwan's public health history, in human rights in Taiwan and as a social movement. Reaching from research into medicine and the history of Hansen’s disease to the preservation movement for Losheng itself, this has been a major focus of many NYMU teachers and students. 

 

It is the first time that Losheng's cultural relics have been exhibited outside of the sanatorium 

 

When President Han served at the National Defense Medical Center and Taipei Veterans General Hospital in 1967~1982, he received grants from National Institutes of Health (NIH) and World Health Organization (WHO) to carry out a large-scale leprosy immunization research project. The project had a huge impact and resulted in the development of immunization research teams across Taiwan and an improved understanding of leprosy and its cell immune mechanisms. 

 

Professor Chuo from the National Yang-Ming University Institute of Public Health, who founded the NYMU Crusade, was recommended by Dean Han (First Dean of National Yang-Ming School of Medicine) in 1983 to study at Tulane University in the United States. This visit established her deeper understanding of Hansen’s Disease and when she came back to Taiwan, she kept faith with her earlier words and finished “Essays on Leprosy” with Tsai in 1993. This provided Taiwan with abundant research information on Hansen’s Disease. 

 

Losheng’s existence tells the story of the development of Taiwan's medical and public health history and the scars that Losheng has left on them 

 

Science, Technology and Society has discussed the two different medical models present during the Japanese occupation, namely missionary medicine and colonial medicine, and how these affected the treatment of patients with Hansen’s Disease. Professor Guo explored the logic of the public health system during the colonial period by investigating the statistical data available on Hansen’s Disease patients collected by Japanese medical officials. Tsai, a student from the NYMU Institute of Health and Welfare Policy, also described how, as part of her master’s thesis of 2006, she, as a member of Academia Sinica, experienced the awakening of the residents’ consciousness to the relocation of the Losheng Sanatorium. 

 

In 2003, a group of students studying at medicine related faculties in the north of Taiwan, including some students from NYMU, collected the oral history of Taiwanese public health at the Losheng sanatorium. This was used by the subsequent preservation movement that aimed to save Losheng and many of these students from NYMU took up important roles in connecting and organizing medical circles. 

 

The first campus lecture about preserving Losheng was a self-rescue meeting held at NYMU and because of the attention and resonances among the students, the residents were greatly encouraged. This remains one of their most vivid memories. 

 

     

  Precious cultural relics showing a bittersweet story 

 

Guo, a NYMU student at that time, asked many colleagues to record many such precious remarks and these were edited carefully for inclusion in the publication “Losheng: People on the Top of the Slope” six years later. This was the first book to be published that included the oral history of Losheng’s residents. After that, there were still many students from NYMU who continued to participate in the preservation movement for Losheng, and this planted seeds of civic awareness and community spirit in the campus. 

 

The exhibition not only presents the history of Hansen’s Disease and the Losheng preservation process, but also includes a wide range of other audio and video material. These include recordings of oral stories spoken by the residents, a narration of the Losheng landscape and photos of Losheng at many different times in the past. These were left behind by the President of the Losheng Preservation Self-rescue Organization, Li, photographer, Chang, and documentary director, Ping. In addition, the “16 centimeter image unearthing project” which was released by China Television Systems is available and includes much precious news footage from the 1970s. All of these are available at the exhibition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

views