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[2019/11/06] NYMU and Fubon Develop a “Health Risk Assessment Model for the Elderly” to Improve Health Promotion Strategies

NYMU and Fubon Life Insurance have developed a “Health Risk Assessment Model for the Elderly” and have identified various prevention strategies to create the “50+ Health Formula”.

 

It is estimated that Taiwan will become a super-aged society in the near future, and in response to the impact of this and the risks associated with this change, National Yang-Ming University and Fubon Life Insurance have developed a “Health Risk Assessment Model for the Elderly” after three years of data collection and analysis related to aging indicators. They also have developed a set of risk prevention strategies, namely the “50+ Health Formula”; this will help to improve the health of the elderly.

 

The “Aging and Health Research Center”, co-established by National Yang-Ming University, Fubon Life Insurance, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, and National Health Research Institute, initially developed a three-year cooperation plan. Director Chen remarked that due to differences in cultural backgrounds and lifestyle across different countries, the results of health promotion related research is often different between countries. The research group recruited Taiwanese subjects above 50 years old in order to make available a domestic empirical study, which means that the results can be applied directly to Taiwanese. Using a combination of wearable device, big data collection and AI analysis, it has become possible to understand the indicators for aging and this allows the development of health promotion strategies that will improve the lives of the elderly.

 

Chen remarked that the studies' results can help us to understand the indicators for aging and this will aid development of health promotion strategies that will improves the lives of the elderly

 

President of the National Health Research Institute Liang remarked that during the aging process, many complications may emerge and that body function and cognitive function tend to decline. Among them, dementia is a major burden for Taiwan’s public health system and medical care system, thus there is a need to develop strategies aimed at preventing such degeneration. Results from the research, namely the “Health Risk Assessment Model of the Elderly”, pinpoint a set of prevention strategies for the elderly that involves physical activity, mental activity and habits, examples include sports, board games and social behavior. These activities help to limit cognitive defects, reduce the incidence of dementia and keep at bay the risks of aging.

 

Through AI analysis, the research categorized the senior population into three groups. These are, firstly, “cheetah-type persons”, who, regardless of whether it is a weekday or a weekend, undertake daily average steps of >10000 steps. Secondly, there are “cat-type persons” who on weekdays or on weekends undertake daily average steps of 3000~10000 steps. Finally, there are “hippopotamus-type persons”, who on a weekday undertake <10000 steps and on weekends undertake <3000 steps.

 

The research pointed out that most advanced-aged Taiwanese fall into the cat-type person group (42%), while 30% are hippopotamus-type persons, the remaining 28% being cheetah-type. It is suggested that people should try to develop good habits that involve walking and strive to become a “cheetah-type person” or “cat-type person.” From the research results, hippopotamus-type person, after a year of tracking, showed a 52% increase in the risk of cognitive degeneration (i.e. the risk of dementia); while a cheetah-type person showed a 27% decrease in such risk and body fat accumulation was less, both compared to cat-type individuals. Therefore, gradually increasing exercise intensity or continuously accumulating walking steps has positive effects on the body.

 

Taking into account four specific factors, namely walking, smoking, sleep and diet, the research has the following suggestions for people over 50 years old:

--50+ individuals should walk more and increase their number of daily average steps, which can reduce the risk of cardiovascular and cognitive diseases;

--50+ individuals, in terms of endurance, indicates that it is never too late to quit smoking;

--50+ individuals need good sleep and because good quality sleep is important, it is important to target insomnia;

--50+ individuals need appropriate nutrition, which means that, in particular, middle-aged and advance-aged women need to maintain a balanced diet and should not lose weight or body fat in an uncontrolled manner.

 

 

 

 


 

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