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[2010/04/10] Father of DNA - Dr. James D. Watson - Sayling Wen Chair of Academic Excellence of, University System of Taiwan

Father of DNA - Dr. James D. Watson - Sayling Wen Chair of Academic Excellence of University System of Taiwan

[2010/04/10]

Dr. James D. Watson
Father of DNA - Dr. James D. Watson - Sayling Wen Chair of Academic Excellence of University System of Taiwan


The winner of Nobel Prize laureate for Medicine Award of 1961, Dr. James D. Watson was invited by "Sayling Wen Chair of Academic Excellent" of University System of Taiwan was first invited to Taiwan from 1st to 3rd April, 2010, and he would, with focus on youth group and campus, academic elite, and representatives from bio-technology industry, deliver three open talks as he shared the perspective as a master to unveil the mystery of life and initiated the trendy popularity on the research of DNA.   

"Sayling Wen Chair of Academic Excellent" of University System of Taiwan was jointly established by Sayling Wen Cultural and Educational Foundation and University System of Taiwan in 2007. The foundation will invite either winner of Nobel Prize Laureate or scholar of academic excellence to pay visit to Taiwan, and carry out cross-university talk in order to set up paradigm and stimulate trend of learning for domestic student. Dr. Watson, who is to pay visit to Taiwan in this occasion, is an internationally renowned biology scholar, and he and Francis Crick had, in 1953, jointly discovered the double helix structure of DNA, which has helped to open up a new century6 for molecular biology.

Dr. Watson would, on 2nd April at the auditorium of our school, reviewed the research processes of himself and his partners, and would illustrate on his own success to suggest students with ambition should break loose the framework programmed by their faculty and open up brand new domain of research. Besides, Dr. Watson considers that students should first have learn the knowledge in class and then browse as much as they can; most of all, they should get in contact with experts so as to stimulate their novel mindset. In particular, the development of network has been so progressive that student should make use network community, such as facebook, so as to get in touch and exchange with academic elites from around the world. In fact, he believes that it is critical that students should approach with more occasions to intellectuals of similar interests and remain in touch and exchanger information; besides, he also reckons that it is the key to success that one should act with great humility as it is also important that one should tender to think more, listen more from others, and have more sharing with contacts of friend, and that is also his key to success. Most of all, team work is paramount as no one can live alone by himself and can still be successful.

At the speech, Mayor of Taipei City has also awarded Dr. Watson with "Honorable Citizenship and Key" to Dr. Watson, father of DNA to express our thankfulness to his contribution of molecular biology as well as his encouragement to young scholars for their devotion of greater enthusiasm of scientific research.
 

Brief introduction of Dr. Watson, Father of DNA

Dr. Watson had been admitted o University of Chicago for study as gifted student earlier to his age when he was 15, and he had first majored in zoology, but later his interest shifted to genetics as initiated by the famous secular writing on science "What is Life?" by physicist Schrodinger. As Dr. Watson graduated from University of Chicago, he enrolled in University of Indian for Ph. D study, working on the genetic research of bacteriophage. During this period of time, he had gradually come to realize DNA is the component elements of DNA. In 1950, after he obtained Ph. D degree, Dr. Watson went to Copenhagen to carry out post-doctoral study, and he had participated in international conference to learn about the research report on X-ray fiber diffraction by Wilkins, it helped to strengthen his determination to resolve for DNA structure. In 1951, Dr. Watson went to Cambridge of England to continue his research. There, he met Crick, and the two made use of figures from X-ray diffraction to construe the molecular structure model on DNA. In 1953, they had finally put forth double helix structure of DNA, and released their result on "Nature." Because of this epoch-making event, it helps Watson, Crick, and Wilkins to have been jointly award with Nobel Prize of Medicine in 1962.

Dr. Watson has, since 1956, been teaching in University of Harvard, lecturing on molecular biology, and his publications "Molecular Biology of the Gene" and "Molecular Biology of the Cell" remain to be the classics of textbooks on molecular biology, while his autobiography "The Double Helix" is still the most trendy and popular best-seller around the world. Since 1968, Dr. Watson has also assumed the head of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, and turned his focus to the molecular biology on cancer. In 1976, he resigned his teaching job at Harvard University, and specialized himself with his occupation at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. In 1989, Dr. Watson was appointed the director of Human Genome Project at National Health Institute of USA, which has initiated the mammoth task to decode human genome series of human being worldwide. In 1994, he was made the first CEO of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, and set up Watson School of Biological Sciences in 1999. In 2007, Dr. Watson announced that he would retire from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, but he should continue to pay contribution and work on for the development of molecular biology neural science. 

 

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